How to Interpret and Analyze Land Legal Descriptions

How to Interpret and Analyze Land Legal Descriptions

Legal descriptions of land can be complex and confusing. They are often written in a specialized language and contain a great deal of technical information about land boundaries and ownership rights. Understanding and interpreting a legal description of land is an essential part of analyzing and evaluating real estate investments.

Step 1: Understand the Different Types of Legal Descriptions

Legal descriptions of land come in a variety of forms. The most common types of legal descriptions are metes and bounds, rectangles, plats, and lot and block. A metes and bounds legal description is a survey that outlines the boundaries of a parcel of land using physical features such as roads, rivers, and mountains. A rectangle legal description is a survey that outlines the boundaries of a parcel of land using straight lines and angles. A plat legal description is a survey that outlines the boundaries of a parcel of land using a map that has been divided into sections. A lot and block legal description is a survey that outlines the boundaries of a parcel of land using lot and block numbers.

Step 2: Read the Legal Description Carefully and Thoroughly

Once you have determined the type of legal description you are dealing with, it is important to read it carefully and thoroughly. Pay special attention to the words used in the legal description, as these words will often have specific meanings. Also, make sure to note any measurements or angles that are included in the legal description. This information will be important when you are trying to interpret the legal description.

Step 3: Interpret the Legal Description

Once you have read the legal description carefully and thoroughly, it is time to interpret it. Begin by looking at the measurements and angles that are included in the legal description. Look at the physical features that have been mentioned in the legal description and try to draw a map of the area in question. This map should be as accurate as possible, including all measurements and angles that are mentioned in the legal description. Once you have drawn the map, you should be able to identify the boundaries of the parcel of land in question.

Step 4: Analyze the Legal Description

Once you have interpreted the legal description, it is time to analyze it. Begin by looking at the rights and restrictions associated with the land. Pay special attention to the rights of access, use, and ownership that are included in the legal description. You should also look at any easements or covenants that may be included in the legal description. This information will be important when evaluating the value of the land in question.

Step 5: Consult with a Professional

Interpreting and analyzing land legal descriptions can be a complex and confusing process. If you have any doubts or questions about a legal description, it is best to consult with a professional. A licensed real estate attorney or surveyor can provide valuable insight and advice when it comes to interpreting and analyzing land legal descriptions.

Understanding and interpreting land legal descriptions is an essential part of analyzing and evaluating real estate investments. By following the steps outlined above, you can ensure that you are interpreting and analyzing land legal descriptions accurately and effectively.